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If you have pilonidal disease you have a cyst that is almost always found close to the tailbone or the top of your butt. That cysts can be caused by your skin that has gotten hair or debris that is stuck inside and can lead to an infection. This can often be very painful and most times it happens to people who are sitting for a long period of time. It can also happen to people engaging in activities that require a lot of sitting or a lot of stress on the butt, like riding a bicycle for instance.
It is crucial to understand how you can get these cysts, the symptoms and how to treat them most effectively. Should you see any of the symptoms and if you are hurting a lot it is of the utmost importance that you are calling your primary care physician to make an appointment immediately in order for your doctor to find out if the cyst must be treated, but more importantly how to treat the cyst in order for you to get better soon.
Web MD says that doctors have three theories as to how pilonidal cysts form:
1. A hair follicle becomes stretched, or irritated during exercise that puts pressure on the but area – like horseback riding, or cycling.
2. Loose hair might get trapped in the crease of the buttocks, and poke the skin causing an opening that leads to an infection.
3. The cyst could be congenital, or present at birth.
If the cyst becomes infected, the Mayo Clinic explains that it will become swollen, and that you should look for:
– Reddening of the skin
– Pus, or blood leaking from an opening in the skin
– A bad smell coming from the pus
After the cyst has gotten infected or should become a problem, the WebMD says that your doctor will probably get rid of the fluids in your cyst. It is a simple procedure and can be done on the office. You will probably be prescribed antibiotics should the infection have been severe.
In the worst cases of pilonidal cysts you’ll need surgery to remove it. This might be done as an outpatient procedure, or in the hospital – and this procedure usually takes more than a month to heal.
If you have a cyst that is not causing symptoms, or if you’ve had a procedure to get rid of it, it’s important to keep the area dry and clean and not sit on hard surfaces for long periods.